Fernando del Río | Eivissa | 12/14/2016
Did you know that there are a few fruits and vegetables that cats can't eat? Despite the benefits of cat food prepared at home, of which we are advocates, there are certain ingredients that are good for humans, but not for the cats. Pay attention to this list of toxic fruits and vegetables for cats (keep in mind that the world is very large and there are many vegetables, this is not a universal list, but they are the ones we use the most). Before listing, let us tell you a few things about the way cats feed:
Can cats eat vegetables?
Yes, they can, but not too much. Fruits and vegetables should not exceed 10% of the cat's daily intake, and this is for "biological" reasons, not on a whim:
1. Cats are pure carnivores: Humans are by nature omnivorous. We can consider that dogs are also omnivorous (they eat meat, but also cereals, vegetables and fruit), but cats do not. As for food, cats and dogs are different. It is often said that cats are pure carnivores, which means that the percentage of meat that a cat's diet should contain is much higher than that of the dog. If you don't give enough meat to your cat, unless you calculate the exact dose of artificial supplements (such as vitamin D or Taurine that he just isn't able to synthesize), your cat will get sick.
2. Cats have an intestinal tract too short to digest vegetables: Cats have a relatively short intestinal tract, and certainly much shorter than ours. The reason is pure carnivores, and the meat needs less length for its nutrients to be absorbed in the intestine. Vegetables have a large amount of fiber and are more difficult to "process" and absorb, so herbivores have longer tracts.
List of toxic fruits and vegetables for cats:
Apart from the fact that the cats can eat carrots, peas, and other vegetables, we have prepared a list of FRUITS that cats should not eat:
1. Grapes and Raisins: It is said that grapes are toxic fruits for cats because in large quantities both grapes and raisins can affect the cat's kidney, and in small quantities they cause diarrhea.
2. Banana: The banana is also a toxic fruit for cats, the banana causes diarrhea to cats (unless you give them a very small piece).
3. Citrus: oranges, lemons, grapefruits: Citrus fruits also usually cause diarrhea and stomach upset to cats. But this is less serious, because they naturally are not attracted to oranges, so the risk of accidents is low.
Next, we go with the list of VEGETABLES that cats should not eat:
1. Onion and garlic: When we say onion and garlic, we must also include related vegetables such as leeks or chives. Onions and garlic in very small doses from time to time are not harmful to cats, but they are dangerous in considerable or repetitive doses. These vegetables contain thiosulfate, which can destroy red blood cells in cats and dogs, which can cause anemia.
Between garlic and onion, onion is worse, because it contains the toxic in much larger doses than garlic. We recommend that you do not include garlic or onion in the recipes that you prepare especially for your pussycat.
2. Raw potatoes: I have read on the internet and watched a video that says cats should not eat potatoes, because they are toxic. That is false. And it's a shame, because those videos have thousands of views and the information is simply not true.
The reality is that raw potatoes, leaves and the stem of potato plants contain a substance called solanine. Solanine is bitter and very toxic, both for animals and humans, even in small doses. So? The good part is that this toxic alkaloid disappears when we boil the potatoes. So the rules are: don't have potato plants near your cats and give them potatoes as part of their diet if you wish, but always boiled potatoes!
3. Green tomatoes, leaves and stems of the tomato plant:
As it turns out, the tomato is a relative of the potato, that is, a member of the Solanaceae family and therefore also contains solanine (the bitter toxin). As in the previous case, green tomatoes, leaves and stems of the tomato plant are foods to avoid for cats.
Luckily, remember that the toxin disappears when it boils. Therefore, you could give your cat part of a can of sardines in tomato, for example, or some pasta with tomato sauce.
4. Avocados or avocados: Why did you put the avocado here? -Yes gentlemen, avocado is actually a fruit, not a vegetable. In fact it is the fruit of the avocado or American persea, family of the Lauraceae. As good as it is, and I assure you that its oily texture is attractive to cats, it is not good to give avocado to the pussies.
We are in the usual, they will not die because we give them a little piece every now and then, but large or continuous intakes are harmful to cats because of Persina. Persina is a fungicidal substance that this plant produces and is present in its leaves, fruit and seeds. Fungicide means that the plant produces persina to kill fungi and molds that would harm it, so it is logical that the persina is toxic. It is not known exactly what the dose is that causes adverse reactions, but it is known that the persina is toxic to many species of animals: dogs, cats, horses, cattle and birds for example. As a precaution, you better avoid giving your cats avocado (and keep them out of their reach, because they do try to eat it because of its smoothness and pleasant consistency).
In conclusion, there are some toxic fruits and vegetables that cats cannot eat. Therefore, avoid giving your cats the following fruits and vegetables:
Fruits: grapes, raisins, bananas, citrus fruits and avocados.
Vegetables: onions and garlic, green tomatoes and raw potatoes.
Recommended fruits for cats
There is appropriate fruits for cats in small quantities, never as the basis of your daily diet. The most suitable for our cats are:
- Strawberry, very rich in vitamin C and fiber.
- Cantaloupe, refreshing and h>
Fruits and vegetables as substitutes
Fruits should never be considered as usual foods. The best way to manage them is as snack substitute treats. Nor should vegetables be the basis of intake, only a complement to the meat or fish base, which should be the main food.
Cat's digestive system
The cats are pure carnivores. They are not omnivorous like humans and even dogs. Your intestinal tract is very short. It is not indicated to digest vegetable fibers, but the digestive system of cats is prepared for the digestion of animal proteins: meat and fish. In this way, in no case should vegetable intake exceed 15% of the total diet.
Cats are purged with plants. Therefore, it is convenient to sow seedlings in a pot so that the cat eats the shoots and purges safely. Sometimes the watermelon peel is consumed, probably for this purpose. Of course, we must avoid toxic plants on our floor to prevent possible poisoning.
If you want to read more articles similar to Fruits and vegetables recommended for catsWe recommend that you enter our section on Homemade Diets.