Among horse breeders there is a tradition according to which they are divided into warm, warm or cold-blooded horses. This division has nothing to do with body temperature, but with race and origins.
There are only two kinds of warm-blooded horses: Arabian horses and thoroughbred horses. animals of fine bone structure, the aristocrats of the equine world. They are called that not only because they come from the hot deserts of the Middle East and North Africa, but also because they are horses of very lively reactions and temperament.
Hot-blooded horse breeds: Anglo-Arab, Akhi.Teke, Arabic, Morocco Barb, Pintabian, Pure English Blood, Pure Irish Blood.
The cold-blooded ones, on the other hand, are farm animals, mostly large, robust and placid, unperturbed. They descend from the forest horse of the northern regions, the tundra horse and the steppe. Many of them come from places of cold weather, whose very low temperatures withstand thanks to its strong constitution.
Cold-blooded races: Clydesdale, Friesian, Haflinger, Noriker, Piotevin, Comarca,
How to reproduce
The Arabian horse reaches its sexual maturity at 4 years of life and has more sexual activity between February and July.
Males do not tend to make more than two copulas a day and the caregiver will know that they are in heat because they are more agitated and restless.
The mare meets 11 months gestation and deliveries do not last more than 15 minutes. Usually throughout his life he stops between fifteen and eighteen foals.
When the mare is pregnant, she should be given special care and not allowed to do work.
However, it is worth mentioning that the breeder usually decides when is the best time for the mare to become pregnant. Although mares have the biological capacity to have one baby per year, this does not necessarily happen.
In Spain we have different types of races. First of all, we have the integrated races, Arab, thoroughbred English and the Anglo-Arabian horse. On the other hand, we have the breeds typical of Spain, the pure Spanish breed (PRE) and the Spanish sports horse. Then we find the special protection breeds where we can mention: the Asturian, pottoka, horse riding, Galician purebred horse, Hispanic-Arab, Menorcan and Majorcan.
Depending on their skills and uses, we have the heavy horses where we integrate draft horses, which are cold-blooded horses such as shire horses.
Within the classification of light horses we have saddle horses like the Arabian horse and the pure Spanish breed, and the speed horses like the English thoroughbred. Although on the other hand we also have the trotting horses as in English-hackney trotter.
We also contemplate another type of classification depending on the type of blood, hot, cold or warm.
The warm-blooded horses, they are about when we refer to the type of temperament, they are difficult to control and very nervous, they are the horses that are usually used for speed races, they are very active and some as an example is the Arab and the pure English blood
Cold-blooded horses are horses of stable and calm temperament, strong and rustic and are used as working animals.
Finally we have the warm-blooded horses, which are the most frequent, with great elevation, resistance and energy. They are used for competitions and in this classification the wild horses are integrated. They are European, Asian and American races.
As we see, there are many types of classifications not only unique and therefore we can classify the same race into different categories.
Arabian horse characteristics
He Arabian Horse It is one of the purest horse races with the best physical abilities in the world. And is not for less. Physically, this breed is characterized by having a very refined head with expressive eyes, large nostrils and small ears, as well as slender and elegant bodies of perfectly balanced forms.
It differs from other horses by its short stature: 17 pairs of ribs, 5 lumbar bones and 16 caudal vertebrae. This particular morphology (the rest of the horses have 18 ribs, 6 lumbar bones and 7 vertebrae) allows the animal to carry heavier riders than other races. As a curious fact we can not fail to emphasize that the absence of the last vertebra gives them the possibility of lifting the tail, which gives them a stately and distinguished air. A tail and a mane, by the way, extremely soft.
In addition, Arabian horses are usually characterized by having strong and dense bones, so they are animals of great resistance. Its speed, agility and intelligence, as well as its elegant walk complete its most notable characteristics.