If we have sterilized our dog or cat we must adapt their food to this new vital stage, should>
In the first place, sterilization predisposes to obesity, which occurs in thirty percent of cats and in two out of three sterilized dogs.
Once our dog or cat has been neutered, it will be more prone to gain weight due to hormonal alterations in your body, as the effects of estrogen and testosterone disappear. The lack of these sex hormones decreases their physical activity and metabolic rate, increases the efficiency in the use of energy and causes a greater intake of food.
There is also an imbalance between ingestion and energy expenditure, since sterilized animals have a lower tendency to play, ambulation and wandering, in the case of those who live in an open space, so that their energy expenditure is Minor.
As we have already said, hormonal changes are key in your metabolism. Sex hormones, specifically estrogens - produced by the ovaries but also by the testicles - modulate food intake by inhibiting it, especially during periods of heat. By eliminating them, this inhibition is also eliminated, which means that our cat or dog wants to eat more. Other endocrine mechanisms will promote hypertrophy of adipocytes and fatty tissue, and an increase in appetite will also be promoted. Changes can be observed in terms of glucose tolerance and insulin resistance. Several scientific studies have shown that castrated males need 28% less calories and females 33% less than non-neutered animals.
For all this, it is necessary, from the moment of sterilization, to begin to administer to our dog or cat a proper diet and oriented to weight control, and thus avoid the appearance of obesity and all its consequences, of which we have already Spoken before in one of our entries.
It is advisable to reduce the energy density by approximately 25%, and do so based on the administration of light feed or specific diets for sterilized animals that provide, not only the necessary calories and not one more, but all the nutritional requirements that our pet needs In addition to adequate palatability. It should be noted, in the case of cats, adequate control of urinary pH to prevent stone formation.
It is very important to promote the physical activity of these animals, never to exceed in the recommended daily ration or prizes or treats, and weigh them frequently to regularly control their weight and thus enjoy a healthy and happy companion.
Consult with your veterinarian
After the operation, nobody better than your veterinarian to indicate the best options for your dog based on their diet.
It is true that in the feed packages you can find the right doses, but a specialist will always tell you the best for your dog depending on the breed, what weighs, how old he is.
Include low calorie foods
Either industrial feed or natural foods, Your dog should be fed low-calorie, but that have fiber so that in turn allow to satiate him.
If you opt for feed, you have to know that eThere are specific feeds for this condition of your dog. In addition, the package itself will indicate the quantities that you must supply.
The soft diet can also serve as food to follow.
Avoid food between meals
Any diet for dogs tries to avoid this bad practice. But in the case of the sterilized dog diet It must be fulfilled.
Eating between meals is the ideal trigger to break a good feeding line and give way to weight gain.
Keep this aspect in mind because it will decant your dog's health.
The routine in the diet for sterilized dogs
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As you know, not giving food between meals is key for a sterilized dog does not shop overweight and the appearance of diseases. But not only that.
In any diet for dogs that you follow you should meet certain schedules that have to be met and you will not be able to vary every day. The reasons are:
- Regulate your appetite
- Set behavior patterns
- Associate the food with the walks
- Avoid the development of anxiety
Note that the place where you feed your dog also has to always be the same. In addition, it will allow you to eat quietly.
Sterilized dog diet: the complement of sport
So that the sterilized dog diet be effective, it will have to be complemented with the exercise. In this way, the appearance of obesity and certain diseases can be avoided.
Physical activity in dogs It will vary depending on the characteristics of each dog: age, size, dog breed. There is no doubt that it will bring both physical and psychological benefits to your pet.
The exercise you offer to your dog can be from longer walks, relate them to other dogs, or practice some sport with him: go by bike, run with your dog, etc.
Another option to encourage your dog to exercise is to take advantage of your free time on weekends and plan a trip with him.
Follow these tips to make the sterilized dog diet effective.
1. Visit to the veterinarian
The first unavoidable point is to go with your dog to the veterinarian for advice. You should not make decisions that can affect the health of your pet unilaterally, you are not an expert in nutrition.
Although there are many brands that offer sterilized pet feed and tell you how much you should give them food, the best thing you can do is Ask for professional help.
The veterinarian will be the one to advise you on how to feed a sterilized dog, taking into account its age, weight and breed. Click to Tweet
It will also help you to ration the amount of food, so that your pet eats less and more times throughout the day.
If your dog suffers from any disease that affects your diet, when you go to the veterinarian I advise you to inform him so that he can consider it and adapt your diet to your specific needs.
2. Control your food ration
One of the best ways to keep track of the food your pet eats is with an automatic dog feeder. An efficient way to ration food without mistakes or delays. Imagine being away from home all day and not being able to monitor all your intakes. With these devices, you will have it solved.
If you are going to follow the veterinarian’s instructions on feed, Don't make the mistake of feeding him between meals. This could break your balanced diet, even making you fat.
If you want to give him a prize, you could look for a snack or a suitable treat to give it in a timely manner and without exceeding it. And remember, if you give extra snacks, you will have to reduce your main meal dose. Be responsible and pursue your well-being.
3. Establish a feeding routine
For feed a sterilized dogThe amount of food is as important as respecting an established intake schedule. It is highly recommended to schedule a routine so that your pet adapts and his appetite is more regular.
Changing the hours of eating, can generate anxiety in your pet, since he will not know when he will receive his feed. It is also important that you have a adequate space for you to eat quietly and without distractions.
4. Choose a suitable feed
The variety of food in the market To feed a sterilized dog is wide. Among the different feeds you can find, there are several characteristics that allow adapting to the nutritional needs of each animal. A low calorie food It is ideal because it will fill you, without generating anxiety. In turn, to get your dog satiated, Fiber is a fundamental element in food.
In food containers usually appears a quantity of food according to the weight of the dog. In this regard, I recommend that you follow the guidelines set by your veterinarian not those of the package.
5. Exercise your dog
Talking about food control and not talking about physical activity would be irresponsible. For feed a sterilized dog correctly, you have to complement it with a little sport.
The amount you can make depends on the age, breed and health status of your pet. Still, sure there will be some type of exercise that your furry partner can practice without risk. A good walk in the park, let him play and interact with other dogs in the socialization areas, run with him, or take advantage of an excursion on weekends or whenever you can to a natural environment.
Physical activity is necessary for your physical and emotional well-being, Share these moments with him and you'll see how good he feels.
I hope this article has been useful, but remember that it is merely informative. I strongly ask that go to your vet with your dog for professional advice.
Will you kick me and spread it on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram? Everything is for the good of your hairy family.
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Indications before operation
- The animal must attend provided with a collar and leash or transport cage and conduc>
The IMuSA is available to all people who have sterilized their pet for any questions or concerns that may arise after the intervention. Not all animals respond in the same way to surgery, so it is important to follow the post-surgical instructions given by the staff in a timely manner.
From what age is it performed?
From 5 months of age, as long as the animals have the right weight and good health. There are no medical or clinical disadvantages to refuse early sterilization. Its only barrier is the prejudice of continuing to humanize animals: "how will she not be a mother once" or "is so small, let's wait for her to mature." Remember that the maturity of animals is determined not only by physical growth but also by the education they receive.
Can females be castrated in heat?
Yes, even during pregnancy, but doing it before the first heat is more beneficial for them.
It is important to note that if they are castrated during heat, the smell they emanate to attract males will follow its natural course. In other words: the heat lasts between 10 and 14 days, so if, for example, the dog is neutered on the 8th day of her heat, she will keep that smell and attraction to the males for about 6 more days. Hence it is essential that after castration, the dog or cat remains in a totally safe place for males. After the days of that jealousy pass, he will never go into heat again.
Where should I keep my pet after neutering?
The dogs (females or males) should be left in a quiet, roofed place, free of drafts and loud noises, and that do not have access to the street or open spaces. Ideally, stay inside the house that day. In the case of what cats (females or males) it is recommended to leave them in smaller and completely enclosed places (without windows), preferably in transport cages.
None should lie in high places like sofas, beds or furniture.
How long should I wait to castrate a female who has recently given birth?
The right thing is to wait for the puppies to reach a minimum of 8 weeks of life. Between 4 and 8 weeks of age a puppy should make the change of diet, so that it passes from breast milk to concentrated food. The food should be introduced slowly (softened with water, if necessary). It is not correct to remove them from one day to the next, because that can cause a mastitis in moms, so that process of transition from milk to food is very important to respect and do well. If the pups died at birth, a sterilization should be scheduled as soon as possible. Consult with the veterinarian.