How to brush a dog's teeth step by step


If you want to know how to brush a dog's teeth, we must tell you that it is likely that at the beginning it will be somewhat complicated. Not because of the procedure itself, which is simple, but because your dog probably causes rejection and gets a little rough. It won't take long to get used to it, especially if you make it a habit since you are a puppy.


In the market we will find several types of toothbrushes for dogs from which you can choose the one that best suits your needs. Dog brushes generally have bristles at a 45º angle to help you reach all the teeth including those behind the snout.

The size of our dog is something that we must take into account when choosing an appropriate brush because this should fit the size of our pet's snout, so, a large dog will need a longer and wider brush and the smallest one smaller size

Among the types of brushes are some that are placed on the fingers as a kind of large thimble, these brushes provide much more precision but also increase the risk of being accidentally bitten by your pet.

Dog brushes have much softer bristles than those of adult humans, if you choose to buy a brush from people, you should choose to buy one for children who are softer.

If our dog does not get used to using a feel brush we can use other techniques that include sponges and gauze.

Toothpaste for dogs

We must use special toothpastes for dogs, creams for humans contain certain chemicals that can be toxic to dogs such as fluoride. The difference is that humans almost never swallow toothpaste when we brush but many dogs do, so using these unspecified creams can cause problems.

Many toothpastes for dogs can be obtained from different flavors which helps to capture and maintain our dog's interest in the routine of tooth brushing which will make it much easier and enjoyable for him.

We are likely to try several flavors of toothpaste until we get what our dog likes best.

Start when you are a puppy

The ideal time to teach our dog the routine of tooth brushing is when they are still puppies, at 8 weeks old we can start working on this.

The ideal is to start early so that our dog gets used to the routine, the brush and the cream although at that age a very deep cleaning is not necessary because they will not have their permanent teeth yet, the idea is to accustom it to the action.

Teach him to be comfortable with your hand in his mouth

Before knowing how to brush a dog's teeth it is important to make sure that he is comfortable with the fact that we manipulate his mouth.

This is an important step to take before using a brush. Try to manipulate his snout quite regularly, open your dog's mouth and touch his teeth with your hands, this we will do so that he gets used to the cleaning action even before using the necessary implements.

Do some tests with some toothpaste

As these creams are made so that the dog can swallow them, when you buy the one you choose let your dog smell and lick a little of the cream of your fingers. The idea is that you can see if your dog is attracted to the taste of this particular cream and so that it becomes customary to taste.

Another thing you can do is put a little cream on your fingers and just like we did in the previous exercise, lift your lips and run your fingers with a little cream through your dog's teeth, this will be the same movement you will do with the brush

Start with few teeth

We must begin to teach the routine little by little, so we recommend starting with the most easily accessible teeth. We can first pass the brush without cream through our teeth so that our dog gets used to the action, in addition to giving us an idea of ​​how he reacts to brushing.

Some dogs will be receptive to the action but others will not, so the recommendation is to act with caution that first attempt. If your pet is very anxious you can stop doing it and try again later. Like all training action we must be patient in response to our hairy and persistent response.

After your dog lets himself brush some teeth, give him a permit, in this way he will understand that this is the behavior you are looking for from him.

Brush the outer part of the teeth

Once your dog is accustomed to the taste of toothpaste and the feel of the brush in his mouth you can combine both and brush the outside of the teeth.

Use a small amount of toothpaste on the brush and gently and gently begin to brush as you did in the previous step and then begin to bring the brush to the teeth further back on both the upper and lower ones.

The idea is that we do this progressively starting with a small number of teeth first, the most exposed and then increasing the amount of teeth we reach while our dog feels comfortable with the ritual.

The idea is to try to brush around the entire gum line without having to manually open our pet's snout.

Try to make brushing sessions last a short time, especially when we just begin to train them for this, as the dog gets used to brushing, we can progress to a single episode of intensive cleaning.

Whenever our dog behaves the way we expect, reward your dog with some food or cookies and especially with many caresses.

Brush the teeth on the inner face

The process to reach this step is more or less the same as for brushing the external part. This last step to achieve total cleanliness should be taken once our dog is accustomed to external brushing and we can do it in one session.

Open your dog's snout and gently brush the inner face of both upper and lower teeth.

Make tooth brushing a routine

Ideally, according to several specialists, we brush our dog's teeth on a daily basis, however the frequency will depend on many things, including the type of food he carries. Generally dogs that tend to eat commercial food do not need so much dental hygiene, so it can be done every week.

If the dog is on a diet of soft or raw food it is necessary to do dental hygiene more frequently because soft food sticks more to the teeth and is more prone to create gum problems and dental damage.

Use gauze

We will take the piece of cloth that can be gauze or a piece of stocking, the idea is that the fabric has some kind of texture that helps to remove the plate.

We wrap a finger with the fabric and pass it through the teeth of our dog, if possible, we put some toothpaste to help cleaning.

Toys to clean dog diets

Toys that are designed to be chewed help remove plaque as well as massage the gums.

You can consult your veterinarian what would be the appropriate material for your dog that usually includes nylon and plastic and even bones.

Although this is not a correct way to replace toothbrushing but rather it would serve as an addition, if we have a dog that does not tolerate brushing sessions it is preferable to use this technique to help with dental hygiene.

Care of adult and older dogs

Once the dog has reached adulthood, has moved all its teeth and has the definitive teeth, oral care must have developed as a usual routine. Once the dog reaches 3 years it is good to perform a prophylaxis at least once a year.

To the extent that the dog is entering maturity care must be made more and more exhaustive, because when it gets older certain dental problems become more acute.

Older dogs are more likely to suffer from oral problems, mostly derived from the accumulation of tartar, for example:

  • Bad breath
  • Tooth loss
  • Sensitivity
  • Gingivitis

It is wise that, when you do the cleaning, you make sure that the dog does not present gum wounds, bleeding or partial fractures of the teeth.

Tips to get used to brushing

If you did not get used to your dog from puppy to brushing you can still do it When he is an adult. It will take you a little longer, but dogs are intelligent animals and learn fast.

  • Do not use for any human toothpaste, always use specialized dog paste.
  • Sit next to the dog and pet him until he is relaxed. A moment>

Degree in Social Communication and Journalism by Autonomous university of Occident and the Santiago de Cali University.

Work as copywriter for, Currently, it is administrative assistant inBenalcázar High Schooland journalist in "Facts and News Blog".

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Yes, it is the first time, To try to cause less rejection to the dog, use your finger wrapped in a gauze as a brush. You will get used to the friction on the teeth with the gauze, which is softer, and in the near future you can move on to the brushes.

  1. Take the gauze and wrap your finger with it, without unfolding it at all, so that there are several layers and it is padded. Pour toothpaste, like the size of a pea.
  2. Now it's time to start rubbing your teeth gently. Do it in circles, starting with the side teeth and then the front teeth, up and down.
  3. Once you have thoroughly rubbed all your teeth, Review the gums, with cu>

Ready! Now, it is likely that your dog wants to drink water, but it is not necessary to rinse this toothpaste as we do! In fact, dogs don't know how to do it. By the end, don't forget to give your dog a good reward for behaving great.

When to brush a dog's teeth

To avoid problems such as halitosis, tooth decay, gingivitis and other oral infections, Ideally, brush your dog's teeth daily. However, remember that there are other tricks you can use to help keep your mouth healthy and clean:

  • Opt for dry feed: It helps to detach the dental plaque as the dog chews it, unlike the wet food, which is stuck to the teeth and produces more tartar.
  • Give toys and prizes for teeth cleaning, you will find them in pet stores.
  • Go to your veterinarian for an annual professional cleaning.

Dental problems are more frequent in older or older dogs, but most of them are due to poor dental hygiene throughout their lives. If you don't take care of your pet's mouth, it could have serious problems and even lose parts.. Make oral hygiene a habit and you will avoid it.

You already know how to brush a dog's teeth! Has it been complicated? Gradually your dog will get used to it and it will become easier. Promised!