The Doberman was created by the German Louis Doberman who was a tax collector and wanted a dog to accompany and protect him during collection visits. The current Doberman is an elegant and small version>
Step 1. Schedule a visit to the veterinarian to perform the necessary exams and administer the corresponding vaccines. The veterinarian will also use the visits to monitor their signs and see if they have serious disorders that affect this breed such as Wobbler syndrome, which is a malformation of the vertebrae of the neck and cardiomyopathy or enlargement of the heart.
Step 2. Feed your Doberman with a high quality meal that contains meat and whole grains such as brown rice. Serving size will depend on age, weight and activity level. Feed him with puppy food until he is one year old or as directed by the veterinarian so he can get the necessary nutrients for his physical development. If it starts to increase too much, it is possible for the veterinarian to remove the high-calorie puppy food before the first year.
Step 3. Teach him good manners from an early age and obedience training as he grows. The basic commands of sitting, staying still and down will probably be easy for you to learn but will respond better with positive reinforcement training and patience. The Doberman has strong protective instincts, so he can sometimes be stubborn mixed with his acute intelligence, large size and muscular body. You must be aware that you have a dog that can be very creative if breaking rules is about. Training obedience will help you establish yourself as a leader and teach you to follow you instead of acting on your own.
Step 4. Register it in beginner obedience classes to socialize it during training. Dogs that live with one or two adults can get used to a shock-free and quite calm lifestyle. With this foundation, the Doberman can understandably become anxious or put himself in protection mode when he faces noisy crowds in the park or when a group of friends comes to watch a game. Obedience classes will provide valuable training skills and help you get used to the controlled confusion that normally occurs when a group of dogs or people gather.
Step 5. Exercise your Doberman at least twice a day. Your dog can take long walks with a leash on but also needs to run freely in a safe and closed area several times a week to get his long legs moving and drain all the energy he has accumulated. Take advantage of the game sessions to teach him to look for and bring a ball or Frisbee. Due to its trainable nature and speed, you can also enroll it in athletic competitions for dogs such as flyball events. Organized in relay teams of four dogs each, the flyball requires a puppy to run 51 feet over regularly spaced obstacles, make a catch in a box to deliver a ball and then return over the obstacles to the start / finish line.
Tips. The smooth coat of the Doberman is easy to clean. This breed rarely needs to be bathed, with a soft brush once a week is enough. In addition to socialization you can take him for a walk every day at times when he is more likely to find other people exercising with their dogs, running along the trails or enjoying the park with their family.
• tail amputation
It is usually done in first seven days of the puppy's life newborn. It is advised that such an operation be performed by an experienced veterinarian. And, it is performed on the second or third vertebra. It does not produce major sufferings in the animal, with little sensitivity in said area for being a newborn. Just take a little precaution that the mother, when sanitized, does not remove the points that facilitate the healing of the tail.
• Cut of the ears
It is a critical and essential area in the care of the Doberman. It is advisable that the ear cutting be done only by a person with a lot of experience in this procedure.
Notably, The ear cut is purely aesthetic and optional. It takes place from 50 days of age to four or five months maximum. The post-operative period has a variable duration. Everything will depend on when the cartilage is strong and mature enough to stay upright, without the ear cracking or deviating.
There are copies that stop using bandages after four or five months and others that must continue with them until the year and a half or older. It is necessary to mention that today in countries such as Great Britain, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Germany it is totally forbidden to amputate the tail and cut ears in those races whose standard is recommended or recommended.
Longer ears, with a slightly smaller bell. Expansion cut. It is usually a longer cut and with the base somewhat narrower than the previous cut.
If the specimen live in a place where it can not spend the nails we must check and cut because long nails can cause poise problems and defects in movement. In the Doberman dog the spurs (found on the inner side of the hind legs) are usually removed when they are puppies.
For the cutting of the nails we must know how to differentiate the "Live meat" because if we cut too deeply it will bleed and cause a lot of pain. We should cut only the tip and preferably little by little.
If we get to bleed the nails we put a little bit of aesthetic powder (found in pharmacies) and it will stop immediately.
The eyes are usually cleaned with a cotton ball soaked in warm water.
The lizards (snot in the eyes) It is very common to see them in the Dobermans and should be removed daily. The color of the download must be gray. A green or yellow color in the lizards is a sign of an infection, and the dog should be taken promptly to a trusted veterinarian.
They should always be kept clean.For this we will use some gauze or a simple cotton ball with an own cleaner for dogs, if you have them amputated it is much easier to enter crap. If the ears are not cut it is also advisable to check them daily as they are more likely to catch diseases because they are less ventilated.
If the dog scratches his ears continuously or they smell bad we should take him to the veterinarian because it may be symptoms of otitis.
To avoid thetartar inlay in the doberman it is convenient to give him bone joints or some toy so he can be biting and also cleans the teeth.
To eliminate a scale already embedded there are specific products for this, we should always consult this with our veterinarian.
Doberman dogs require socialization, socialization and more socialization. It is also recommended that you be trained in basic obedience. The doberman is usually a very intelligent working dog, who loves and needs to learn.
Everything you should know about the Doberman
If there is a characteristic that defines a Doberman well that is the elegance. In addition, this animal is usually very affectionate and it is a clear example of the successful breeding programs carried out in Germany 100 years ago and that were the result of hard work.
A race always alert, resourceful and obedient, qualities that turn their dogs into excellent companion dogs as well as services in all corners of the world. The indiscriminate breeding is the one that can present nervous dobermanns who bite out of pure fear while, on the other side of the coin, professional breeders are in a position to guarantee that their puppies are neither scary nor aggressive.
The doberman owes his name to Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, a German who combined several jobs such as tax collector, in charge of the kennel and employed at the slaughterhouse.
It was customary for this man to transport large sums of money through the Thuringian forests, with the consequent danger of robberies. To avoid this, it occurred to him to surround himself with brave and strong dogs that deter potential assailants.
Back in 1885 the first copies could be appreciated. The exact crossing he used to get the doberman is not known, since his technique was absolutely rudimentary and there is no written record. It is speculated on the fact that the mix of dogs like the Rottweiller, the Weimar braco, the Pinscher or the Manchester terrier was the one that gave rise to the intrepid breed we are talking about.
The fame of these dogs rose soon as the foam, interesting to the cinephiles, who wanted to continue improving the breed. It is attributed to Otto Güller the merit of, through the selection of the races and the contribution of Black and Tan blood, to have achieved a uniform type endowed with greater finesse and elegance.
This dog delighted the gendarmes of Thuringia from the first moment, so for a long time it was called gendarmen dog, providing valuable services to German troops during the two world war battles.
Popular throughout Europe, it was also released in South Africa, Malaysia and Uruguay, being presented for the first time in 1917 in Lyon. If there is something that has captivated the doberman for generations, it has been the imagination of countless people, although today its popularity has declined.
Characteristics and physical features
With a height at the cross of between 65 and 69 centimeters and a weight that oscillates between 35 and 45 kilos, this breed corresponds to a large dog, of stunning appearance and a look that is often said to leave no one indifferent. At the same time it is a can strong, muscular and athletic…
His head It is long, bony and well proportioned, wedge-like when viewed from above. Her face It is straight and moderately convex. His nose It is noticeably wider than round, being black in black dogs and lighter in brown dogs. Your nostrils they are big. Her cheeks they are crushed and her lips quite cleft. His snout It is deep and very developed and its mouth opening reaches almost to the molars. Your teeth It is strong and solid.
Her body It is long and lean, with a solid and short loin and a well-marked belly. Their mules They are angular and wide, with strong and protruding muscles. His feet They are arched, short and closed.
Color and fur
Your hair is short, tight and rough. Do not believe what they say that the doberman does not lose hair, because the reality is that he does lose it. Its colors are black and fire, blue and fire and chestnut and fire. Doberman is not doing well in excessively cold climates given the shortness of his fur.
This amazing companion dog, which is also priceless in security and as a police dog, is faithful, brave and has a good nose. Burning and alive when it comes to fighting, the doberman does not hesitate to defend his master, so he is suspicious of strangers.
As a curiosity, we will tell you that it has also been used as a guide dog, although in this area it has been favored by dogs such as the German labrador or shepherd.
Dominant, haughty and with strong character is also a sensible dog That feels a great attachment for its owners. His high instinct for the protection of the territory is also well known, so he is a magnificent watchdog, very observant and with a great memory.
This dog is very affectionate and sociable with its owners, because with yours it is all tenderness. At the same time, being active, vigorous and somewhat excitable animals, they are always on alert, adapting better to houses that have ample spaces than to smaller ones.
From all that has been said, you can deduce that this dog has little to do with the image of "killer dog" with which it has been associated, even in the cinema, with its powerful and compact body. Rivers of ink have run giving versions, sometimes quirky and rocambolesque about this canine species.
Without going any further, dobermanns have commented that their brain was growing faster than their skull, which caused them impressive pains that transformed them into aggressive beings by nature. A second version would be one that says that, after two years, these animals lost their smell attacking their owners shamelessly.
These ridiculous theses do not have the slightest scientific evidence and the only thing that can be said in this regard is that in some of these animals specific episodes of aggressiveness have been detected, as occurs with copies of many other dog breeds.
Something that can be said about this breed is that in it the male has a more developed sense of guard dog than the female, because this is something more bearable and meek, although it also serves for the guard, developing his work with zeal.
Another peculiarity of the doberman is that for this dog only "yes" or "no" seems to exist, without knowing the "half measures". For this determined animal, things are done or not done, so he is very obedient and becomes fierce once the attack begins.
How could it be otherwise, a doberman needs to burn energy to be happy, so you must take it out at least twice a day to take long walks that help you channel the accumulated energy.
Ideally, take a morning walk, since at that time many hours have passed since the last time the animal left the day before. In the afternoon it would be great if you could take it out again for about an hour, promoting the possibility of playing with other congeners in areas such as parks. If you also have time to get him out, even for a short time, at noon, your doberman will thank you greatly.
In case you have a puppy of this race you must splurge patience to get it to develop correctly. There will be no hurry with him and, until he reaches an older age, it is not advisable to force him to continue exercising if you notice him tired. Swimming is possible that you love, hobby that will maintain over time.
Apart from the walks, your doberman is going to need to be exercised, so every time you take him out for a walk, you should look for a safe area where he could run at ease. In this way, its long and stylized legs will perform the exercise they need. Play with him as a way of exercising, using a ball or any other similar toy. The lovers of the bicycle or of the running will also find in this dog the best companion in such activities.
Take advantage of weekends for outdoor activities with your doberman. Take it on an excursion, to the house of those friends who have a large garden, to the beach or to any place where they can accompany you, knowing that their good canine education will not leave you in evidence.
Relationship with children
Early socialization is also the key to a dog willingness to accept a child. The faster its adoption (around 8 or 10 weeks), its adaptation will be much simpler. A copy that is adopted as an adult and has developed a dislike or distrust of children will be more problematic.
With the proper socialization of young, the doberman will consider the children of the family as very valuable members of the same and he will get used to them at the same time he begins to unfold his protective nature.
A logical owner knows that the decision to take an animal to live at home involves a series of daily responsibilities that must be met. Therefore, people who have little free time after their jobs, or those who like to develop an intense social life without ties, are not ideal for adopting an animal that, as in the case of the doberman, It requires a minimum of care that will reach its average life (between 10 and 13 years) in the best possible conditions.
That of nutrition is a determining factor for both the health and the appearance of any animal, and the specific needs of each breed must be respected.
In the case of dobermanns, of puppies, they need the same care as any other breed plus some special one, such as the puppy does not eat at the same ground level. It is essential that your food pot be placed at shoulder level so that once you reach adulthood, your elbows are not open.
As adults, dobermanns must follow a balanced diet that helps the physical development of that stage. Around two years of age it is considered that a specimen of this breed reaches its mental maturity, becoming a reliable, calm and peaceful companion.
Feed him with a good quality dry feed for large breeds that meet their nutritional needs and you will be contributing to the necessary physical and mental balance of this powerful animal.
If you want to prevent your doberman from presenting a fatty touch or filling your house with hair, you should not only have it well fed but also clean. Despite this, we already anticipate that this breed does not need great attention to be neat.
Always keep your nails well cut. Remember that your doberman's legs are long and have large knuckles. For that reason, the nails should not grow too much, as they would tend to deform. Go cutting them little by little and you will acquire this custom that you will have to face frequently.
If it's easier for you, get a special dog nail clipper and pay attention to cutting the nail cleanly. You can also use a special file, which may be easier to keep your nails well aligned. Reward him with each cut or file for having behaved well.
An adequate diet also positively affects the oral hygiene of your dog. Take the right steps and your teeth and gums will remain healthy for longer. As if this were not enough, your breath will be more pleasant, not suffering halitosis.
To all this you must also add a periodic tooth brushing that may not please your doberman, but which you should accustom him as a puppy. Use specific products for canine oral hygiene and your teeth will be clean, strong and healthy.
If you follow all these steps you will be reducing not only the possibility that your dog suffers from the worrying periodontal disease (causing the loss of dental pieces), but also that the heart, liver or kidney disease, ailments associated with insufficient hygiene from the mouth
Bath and drying
A well-fed doberman and whose hair is brushed regularly should not be washed frequently. In any case you must wait a month between bath and bath, because if you do it before you expose yourself to dry skin, as a result of the reduction of the natural oils of their fur. Use a specific mild shampoo for your hair type and thoroughly rinse your noble friend.
It is possible that sometimes your pet gives off a bad smell being sufficiently clean. Then you must pay attention to other factors such as feeding it, until you find the reason for such an unpleasant smell.
Also see if your skin becomes red or dry. A fine or opaque coat must also be subject to a visit to the veterinarian to establish its causes, as it could be due to a hypothyroid problem, among others.
In the colder months, do not allow your doberman to go outside while still wet, as it could become constipated. When you take him out of the bathroom, help yourself with a good electric dryer in which you will select a moderate temperature. When you have dried it, use a natural bristle brush with which you will get a glossy appearance.
Brushing your doberman a couple of times a week is the right way to keep your cloak clean and free of dead hair, which will make it shine and show its best appearance. If you brush with a mitten frequently, you will need less baths. In the time of molt, you should brush daily avoiding the massive spillage of hairs.
Vaccines and antiparasitic treatments
Even the healthiest dog needs its owner to strictly follow the vaccination schedule that the veterinarian establishes for him. Administering to your doberman the relevant vaccines is equivalent to preventing the development of certain infectious diseases in your body.
It stimulates through vaccines your immune or defensive system against specific invasions by microorganisms, such as bacteria and viruses that cause diseases. Once you have done so, the danger of the dog being exposed to the microorganism decreases, as his immune system will be ready to prevent infection or to reduce the severity of the disease.
Fleas, ticks and intestinal worms are also some of the parasites that can put your best friend's health at serious risk. Avoid it by placing antiparasitic pipettes and collars You will find in the market.
More common diseases
The doberman is a very healthy breed but that, like any other, can be affected by certain pathologies such as problems Cutaneous that cause fungi and parasites or allergic reactions.
Nor is this race to suffer safe heart diseases or other ailments such as von Willebrand disease, he hypothyroidism or the "blue dobermann" syndrome, which is a problem of alopecia associated with bluish doberman, who are already bald at birth in several parts of their body, having no cure but can be improved with the appropriate treatment.
Educating a doberman is simple, since it is about a very smart dog Who learns everything you want to teach him, as long as you treat him with love and refuse to use violent methods. Do not disrespect their extraordinary qualities and use with this distinguished dog the positive reinforcement, a technique that will yield amazing results.
Of course, the first thing you have to do is establish some explicit rules from day one, making it clear to you what you can do and what you can't. The doberman will surprise you very much that, contrary to what happens with most dog breeds that need a series of repetitions to understand what is expected of them, this breed every day shows more that it is enough that it teach a concrete exercise only once to assimilate it correctly.
Perhaps you are thinking that this virtue can become a double-edged sword, since when teaching anything to your dog you must do it correctly from the beginning, because then it will be very difficult for you to amend your mistake. Do not let him get on your bed from a puppy, for example, if you are not going to afford it.
Trust that it is a dog that will feel happy pleasing you and make it a formidable apprentice that will act with great pleasure, so it will make things very easy in that regard.
Finally, comment that, as ridiculous as it may seem, the doberman will be considered as a Potentially Dangerous Dog in some localities or autonomous communities while in others not, so you must be aware of the regulations in place where you reside, in order not to commit infractions.
Its fur has fatty oils that protect them from all external aggressions. This is because, since they don't have very thick fur, they need extra protection. When bathing, you should do it with a shampoo that is mild - for the same reason as hair grease.
Brush your Doberman regularly
This type of dog does not usually smell anything, not even a dog, so if your dog starts to smell bad, this means that it is not being fed in the right way
The importance of brushing
The Dobermans They really enjoy brushing time. This means that you will not have problems to do it. If you notice that you doberman He doesn't want you to brush his hair, so he changes the brush since he may not like it or hurt him. Remember that you must use a very soft brush to not harm them. They are dogs that have very little hair so if you do it with a hard bristle brush, you will be harming it and you will not be brushing it properly.
If you have the possibility, dispense with the brush and use a glove to drag the dog's hair. These kinds of things are perfect for them and they will love receiving extra caresses.
Keep reading Doberman's care in our next post
Vaccines a doberman dog needs
(Photo via: eperros)
All dogs must follow a strict vaccination plan to ensure good health. This is an approximate calendar, although your veterinarian will give you more detailed information adapted to the specific needs of your dog:
- 6th Week: Parvovirosis, kennel cough, internal deworming.
- 8th Week: Distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, internal deworming.
- 10th Week:Parvovirosis, internal deworming.
- 12th Week:Distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, internal deworming.
- 16th Week:Rabies, distemper, hepatitis, internal deworming.
- Annual Reminders: Rabies, leptospirosis. Distemper, hepatitis, parvovirosis.
Remember, if you are not able to differentiate Doberman and Rottweiler, discover our article with all its differences!
We hope we have helped you with the general care of your doberman dog! You already know that we are here for what you need, in Wakyma you will find information about everything your furry friend needs. Do not hesitate to check our articles again!